Dimple Plate in industrial process technologies

Pillow Plate: Why is it cheaper to produce than a Shell & Tube?

For many applications in industrial process technology, pillow plates are technically and ecomically advantageous over conventional heat exchangers. The flexible design of each pillow plate allows tempering of products during other process steps. Apart a pillow plate fulfills a better mechanical resistance according thermal cycling.

Dimple plate heat exchange panel welding contours in any shape

By manufacturing on CNC-controlled laser welding equipment, welding contours can be produced in any shape. On the one hand, this allows flexible shaping of the dimple plate. Thus, pillow plates in simple rectangular shape, can be produced just as easily as round plated or plates with complicated geometric outer contours. Cut-outs of any shape and size, e.g. for the feed-through of pipes or cables can be easily realized in this way. On the other hand, the flow arrangement for the medium in the pillow plate can also be flexibly designed by means of appropriate shape of weld seams. The flow arrangement can be easily adapted to the flow rate of the heating or cooling medium in the plate, thus optimizing heat transfer and pressure drop.

Core business of pillow-plates

Behind all the solutions we offer are our employees with their expertise. Mainly directed to process engineering, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, pressure equipment and welding technology. We keep extensive know-how gained from decades of experience in the design and manufacture of heat transfer plates. As well as we know the specific requirements of the various industries, in which pillow-plate heat exchangers are used, and our solution can meet them to complete satisfaction. We offer engineering companies, plant manufacturers and operators from wide range of industrial sectors individual advice and precise anylysis. Mainly within their heating and cooling tasks. We do focus on the aim of arriving at a solution that is optimally tailored to their needs. Both technically and economically. We support our customers in the planning, design and integration of our product into their overall system. This eliminates interfaces and the associated risks for our customers.

Optimized Flexible Welding Pattern
Optimized Flexible Welding Pattern
Straight Welding Pattern
Straight Welding Pattern

What is a Pillow Plate?

Single or double embossed dimple plates are in use for various applications. Pillow-plates profiled on one side can be used for temperature control. In general as heating or cooling of solid materials in direct contact, be it food or bulk materials. Dimple heat exchanger panels profiled on both sides, where two sheets of the same thickness are welded togehter, can be used in many process technology applications. For cooling or heating baths, these plates can be easily mounted directly in the bath tanks without need for complex assembly. In fluidized-bed reactors or dryers, the lower tendency to fouling and the easier cleanability proof to be advantageous. The continous heat transfer surface of the pillow plates is favorable when used as protection against thermal radiation or as flow breakers in stirred vessels. In industrial bread production in thermo-oil-heated ovens, thermal radiation from a flat heating element ensures uniform baking results.

Single embossed dimple plate in use as base plate tank wall

Individual pillow-plate heat exchangers profiled on one side can be used in a variety of ways. Not only the mentioned above. Pillow-plates profiled on one side, in which a thinner cover plate is welded to a thicker base plate can be also used to build walls or heads for tanks that need to be heated or cooled.

Laser-welded or resistance welded Dimple plates and used materials

The production of any heat exchanger plate is mainly based on laser welding, but also on resistance welding processes. The laser welding equipment used comes from the well-known manufacturers with a lot of experience in laser welding technology, such as the market leader Trumpf GmbH + Co. KG as our main component of our laser-welding process. For decades Trumpf GmbH + Co. KG sets THE standards in laser welding technology. This and the many years of experience of our welding engineers guarantee the exceptional welding quality of our pillow plates.

In general, the materials used, are stainless steels as to be AISI 304 up to titanium.  Stainless steel’s low thermal conductivity is partially counteracted with the ability to design thinner walls, because of its high strength and corrosion resistance. However carbon steel in the process fields, is mostly selected due to higher thermal conductivity.

Did you know that thin plate pillow plate or dimple jackets can be used as active cooling element for batteries such as car batteries?

Could a pillow plate be cut to a certain size with a half oval shape be used to put behind gas logs to radiate heat from the fireplace?

Generally , the process and design execution is absolutely flexible. In focus is a very homogeneous temperature gradient, product-gentle and conciliatory tempering of products in general using liquids, refrigerant or steam as internal plate media. Even though laser welding technology is the most modern production method for dimpled surfaces, there are many applications, in which resistance welding offers technical and qualitative advantages.

Hence projects of various branches in many different industries worldwide, start with an individual consultation. Decisive for the success of the project is the professional exchange about the details and requirements of the project. Of course, this always happens in close cooperation with the user in order to work out his optimal solution.

Advantages of dimple plates

  • Individual designs of a single and double embossed pillow plate in size, shape and material enable flexible use due to a freely programmable CNC laser welding system.
  • Low material costs due to the use of thin sheets for pillow plates.
  • Integration into vessels for mechanical and thermal dimple plate doublefunction
  • Very homogeneous temperature gradient, product-gentle and conciliatory tempering of products by liquids, refrigerants and steam.
  • Smaller quantities of refrigerant or heating medium due to small plate volumes of pillow-plates.
  • High heat transfer coefficient with low pressure drop in case of a pillow plate.
  • Heat transfer or radiation protection over entire surface of a welded pillow-plates.
  • Lower tendency for fouling for a welded pillow plate.
  • Low intertia.
  • Better mechanical resistance to thermal cycling with pillow-plates.
  • Long lifetime due to individually chosen materials.
  • Low production costs due to automated welding process for pillow-plates.
  • Easy cleaning due to easily accessible single or double embossed pillow plate prime surface.
  • Reliability.

Technical data

  • Sizes from DIN A5 up to 14000 x 2000 mm.
  • Up to 50 bar operating pressure.
  • Wall thickness from 0.8/0.8 up to 3.0 / 3.0 mm with double embossed profile.
  • Up to 12 mm groundplate with single embossed profile.
  • Rolled dimple plate as well.
  • Surfaces: stained, ground, polished.
  • Certificates according to TÜV , PED , TR CU (GOST) and ASME.


  • Single and double embossed dimple plate heat exchanger for water, glycol, liquid nitrogen, thermal oil or steam.
  • As a single and double embossed dimple plate evaporator for all refrigerants with pump or injection operation.

Applications and benefits

  • Homogeneous tempering of liquids in tanks using laser-welded dimple jacket tank walls.
  • Conciliatory tempering of foods using pillow-plate heat exchangers.
  • Heat transfer or heat recovery from poluted media and media with particles.
  • Additional functions, such as flow breaker in agitator vessels, carrier platforms for fryers and dryers, container or vibrating conveyor troughs, radiation panels.
Welding Channel just welded and non-inflated
Welding Channel just welded and non-inflated
Welding Channel Inflated
Welding Channel Inflated
Electropolished Plate
Electropolished Plate For Better Cleaning
Marbled Metal Sheet As Tank Outer Wall
Marbled Metal Sheet As Tank Outer Wall

Customer questions and use cases for thermal process technology:

We have always assimilated engineering science and thermodynamics optimally in the various manufacturing processes.

Thermodynamicists,mechanical engineers and welding engineers define the dimensioning, design and construction of customised heat exchanger panels and systems in materials ranging from mild and austenitic steels through to titanium, and ensure successful distribution of their work worldwide.

In doing so they fall back on production engineering expertise and calculations developed in the course of the past hundred years that are still being continuously optimised in an ongoing process.

In the perception of our customers, the Buco product stands for:

Technical and process-oriented consulting
Thermodynamic efficiency
Quality and longevity