Fish cooling

Ice quality and economic efficiency of our BUCO crushed ice confirmed in test series of a fish processing company

When choosing between flake ice (1mm thick and temperature -8°C to -10°C) and our BUCO crushed ice (slab ice 6mm to 8mm thick and temperature -0.5°C to -1°C), there are often subjective visual preferences on the part of users. Customers usually prefer flake ice because it looks visually colder (whiter) and is therefore considered to be better and more effective ice. This is not the case. Ice develops its greatest heat transfer effect when it melts (0°C) and thus at 335 KJ/kg (80 kcal/kg). In addition, ice near 0°C is the most economical to produce, with the lowest energy costs. To put it in a nutshell, the production of our BUCO crushed ice takes place at half the operating costs compared to all drum systems. In addition, energy can also be saved when storing our ice, as our BUCO crushed ice with a temperature of -0.5°C can be stored in silos of -1°C in a more energy-saving way at -1°C to -2°C at far lower costs compared to storing flake ice at -10°C.

Our crushed ice is therefore optimal in terms of heat transfer and economy. Due to the temperature close to 0°C, there are further advantages of our ice, such as round and no sharp edges and no hypothermia (-8°C and thus freezer burn damage), as well as less lumping during transport or storage.

Test series evaluation on the part of the end customer

In order to maintain freshness and quality and thus generate the highest possible price for freshly caught fish or seafood, controlled cooling is the main task of the fish and seafood industry. The cold chain must remain closed and there must be no uncontrolled rise in temperature, even and especially during longer transport routes. The cold chain begins with the catch and a direct r cooling to approx. 0 °C as quickly as possible. Ice, close to freezing point at -0.5°C - 1°C (nihct subcooled) and due to this temperature with blunt edges is ideal for cooling and e storing the fish or seafood on ice. BUCO crushed ice brings with it all of these properties, in addition to low-cost production with evaporation temperatures of T0= -8°C - -10°C, which is less than half the temperature required for the production of flake ice (evaporation temperature -20°C) and thus has a massive and daily impact on the production costs for the end consumer.

The doubled price for the same amount of ice in market flake ice plants was the reason why fish processing companies decided and continue to decide to test our ice for quality in their own processing and application and to compare whether Buco crushed ice is comparable or even better than flake ice, in order to confirm the full advantage of the quality of Buco crushed ice in terms of price per kg of ice versus price per kg of fish. The following series of tests by companies in the salmon processing industry provided information on this. For this purpose, a constant quantity of 20 kg of grade A salmon fillets was tested in different phases of cooling. 10 different test series were carried out with salmon in fish boxes. These fish boxes contained 3 kg Buco ice, 5 kg Buco ice and 7 kg Buco ice.

These fish boxes were stored in a cold room at a constant temperature of 0°C for 120 hours. Thermometers were positioned inside the salmon to continuously measure the internal of the fish continuously over this period. (Some fluctuations in the measured temperatures are due to the highly sensitive measuring device). Finally, it was found that the temperature of the salmon was constant at 0.5°C internal temperature, as shown by the tests on the three series of measurements of 3, 5 and 7 kg Buco ice in the fish boxes. The temperature diagrams showed that the internal temperature of the salmon was reduced from an initial temperature of 3.5°C to 5°C to a final temperature of 0.3°C to 0.5°C over a period of 10 - 12 hours, confirming homogeneous cooling.


Profitability and ice quality could be confirmed.

The energy cost comparison between an industrial ice machine and a conventional drum system showed:
Example: 30 to ice / day

Required refrigerating capacity including losses: approx. 150 kWref
Electrical power required to drive the refrigerating machine:
-30 / 35 °C with COP = 1.8 Pel = 84 kWel – drum system flake ice
-10 / 35 °C with COP = 3.6 Pel = 42 kWel – BUCO Ice Machine
Additional drives: 6 kW
Price for electricity: 0.15 € / kWhel
Running costs at -30 °C: 324 € / day or 11 € / ice – drum system
Running costs at -10 °C: 173 € / day or 6 € / ice – BUCO Ice Pack
Savings: 151 € / day
for 300 days of production: 45,300 € / year Savings in electricity costs

Furthermore, our manufactured Buco Plate Ice can be stored at a temperature of -0.5°C in silos of -1°C in a more energy-efficient way and at a much lower cost than compared to Flake Ice (-10°C).

From a qualitative point of view, it was concluded that BUCO crushed ice gives slightly better cooling results compared to the results of cooling with flake ice, as it is not supercooled (-8°C). It was also confirmed that the BUCO crushes ice has no sharp edges and during transport or storage the BUCO crushed ice clumps very little. So in all aspects that are important to the customer, our Buco crushed ice scored over Flake Ice.

We have always assimilated engineering science and thermodynamics optimally in the various manufacturing processes.

Thermodynamicists,mechanical engineers and welding engineers define the dimensioning, design and construction of customised heat exchanger panels and systems in materials ranging from mild and austenitic steels through to titanium, and ensure successful distribution of their work worldwide.

In doing so they fall back on production engineering expertise and calculations developed in the course of the past hundred years that are still being continuously optimised in an ongoing process.

In the perception of our customers, the Buco product stands for:

Technical and process-oriented consulting
Thermodynamic efficiency
Quality and longevity