Refrigeration technology

Ice water Refrigeration Piping to compressor

Ice water Refrigeration Piping to compressor

Refrigeration technology joint analysis and consulting

The challenge in building the refrigeration plant is to get as close as possible to the freezing point of 0°C with the ice water temperature without freezing of the heat exchanger. Generally in the Refrigeration technology, we advise refrigeration companies in the selection process. On basis of a joint analysis, through thermodynamic calculations and cost calculations, our service is free of charge. As a result, this involves an investigation of running times and the optimum balance between investment costs and operational reliability. The trend shows that this consulting has recently become more and more important. Particularly engineering resources are becoming less in many companies. In addition, there has been a generational change in engineering and an increased use of talented young engineers, whom we are happy to support with our experience in the ice water sector.

Advantages of ice water pre-cooling

In order to expand the capacities in large refrigeration plants, especially dairies, operators often install additional ice water storage tanks. This is associated with high financial expenditure and corresponding space requirements. A cheaper alternative here is ice water pre-cooling. These systems cool the returning water before it enters the ice water storage tank, thus relieving the existing system.

Types of ice water distribution

  1. Open ice water circuit
    It is usually combined with refrigeration using submerged heat exchange systems installed in open basins, which allows to use its advantages. The disadvantage is that because of the connection to the atmosphere, the ice water basins have to be placed on the upper floor in order to avoid a vacuum in the circuit and the problems associated with air infiltration (poor heat transfer, corrosion). A top floor installation causes high construction costs and is not always possible. We recommend to use roof-mounted Falling-Film chillers or ice machines, which can be installed cost-effectively on roofs and which completely replace the ice storage of a submerged heat exchange system in the tank by ice or ice water production (fallling-film chiller and/or ice machine).
  2. Closed ice water circuit
    This circuit has actually two circuits separated by a heat exchanger. One is an ice water circuit to the consumers, the other is the secondary circuit (glycoles) with the refrigeration system or an open circuit with submerged heat exchange system and plate heat exchanger (see above). This means that the refrigeration can be set up in the basement and the ice water circuit in the upper floors can still be kept under overpressure. A disadvantage is the high ice water temperatures (approx. 2°C). Many users want to use the enormous advantage of lowest ice water temperatures near 0°C and therefore use open systems (ice water temperatures of 0.5°C).

Refrigeration technology and dimple plates

Heat Transfer Technology AG to a large extent takes care of the thermal calculation of dimple plate heat exchanger and systems for the refrigeration technology. Accordingly, plants are designed with the lowest refrigerant content and the highest possible evaporation temperature . This is realized in form of optimized heat transfer and pressure loss calculation in refrigeration technology. However, the cost and economic efficiency of these heat exchangers (author is head of our R&D department) are top priority.

Refrigeration technology for ice machines Refrigerant piping

Refrigeration technology for ice machines Refrigerant piping

Refrigeration technology and energy consumption

Basically, our calculations are a combination of our know-how and our experience and knowledge in this area. It applies in several aspects, in terms of energy consumption, energy costs, investment costs and the availability of space and electricity. Always focussed in each specific application for our customers and results highly efficient with lowest possible electricity costs of each project. Overall, this has a positive effect on the ongoing investment costs of a calendar year. Ultimately, these lower costs, as they are aswell costs of ownership, are a positive element in the overall cost of the end product due to energy savings. The customer benefits from the acquisition of a highly economical and compact stainless steel product and can stabilize or even expand his market position.

Ice water Cooling technology Water pumps to the consumer

Ice water Cooling technology Water pumps to the consumer

Refrigeration technology and operational liability and maximum running times

In particular, main tasks are problems of fluctuating water volumes or irregularities in the operation of the existing refrigeration unit. We take these tasks seriously and this encourages our customer to purchase our service as an expert in refrigeration technology matters. But that’s not all, the necessary equipment is an efficient part of the overall system. Thus, the customer also appreciates our manufacturer qualities and facilities as to be combined with our refrigeration skills.

Customer questions and use cases for refrigeration:

Natural Refrigerant ammonia

Ammonia has been used as a natural refrigerant in industrial refrigeration plants for over 100 years. It is a colourless gas liquefied under pressure with a pungent smell. As a refrigerant, ammonia is known under the refrigeration designation R717 and is produced synthetically … Read More

We have always assimilated engineering science and thermodynamics optimally in the various manufacturing processes.

Thermodynamicists,mechanical engineers and welding engineers define the dimensioning, design and construction of customised heat exchanger panels and systems in materials ranging from mild and austenitic steels through to titanium, and ensure successful distribution of their work worldwide.

In doing so they fall back on production engineering expertise and calculations developed in the course of the past hundred years that are still being continuously optimised in an ongoing process.

In the perception of our customers, the Buco product stands for:

  • Technical and process-oriented consulting
  • Thermodynamic efficiency
  • Quality and longevity

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